Diseases

Overview

Acidity occurs when the gastric glands produce a large amount of acid, more than what is needed for the digestion process. This condition is characterized by a burning sensation just above the stomach, or right below the breastbone (the hollow part).
The food we eat goes into our stomach through the esophagus. The gastric glands in your stomach create acid, which is necessary to digest the food. When the gastric glands create more acid than needed for the digestion process, you can feel a burning sensation below the breastbone. This condition is commonly known as acidity.

Causes


Skipping meals or eating at irregular times
Eating just before sleeping
Overeating
Consumption of spicy food
High intake of table salt
Diet low in dietary fiber
Excessive consumption of certain food
such as tea, coffee, carbonated drinks, soft drinks
Extremely spicy food
Fat rich food such as pizza, doughnuts, and fried food
Side-effects of certain temporary medications as well as existing medications.such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs medicines for high blood pressure
Antibiotics.
Depression and anxiety medications
Stomach disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, tumors, peptic ulcers, among others.
Consumption of non-vegetarian food
Excessive stress
Lack of sleep
Frequent smoking
Lack of physical exercise
Frequent consumption of alcohol
People who suffer from medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, and connective tissue disorder are more prone to acidity. It is also a common problem in people who are obese, pregnant women, or women who are nearing menopause.

 

Symptoms

 

Acidity symptoms include the following:
Burning sensation and pain in the stomach
Burning sensation and pain in the throat
Difficulty swallowing or the sensation of food being stuck in your throat
Frequent burping or hiccups, for no apparent reason
Burning sensation and pain in the chest
Regurgitation: prolonged sour taste in the mouth or bitter-tasting acid that backs up into your throat and mouth
Post-meal heaviness
Nausea
Constipation
Indigestion
Bad breath
Restlessness
The main causes of acidity are:
Skipping meals or eating at irregular times
Eating just before sleeping
Overeating

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