Diseases

Enlarged Tonsils

Overview

The tonsils are lymph nodes in the back of the mouth and the top of the throat. They help to filter out bacteria and other germs to prevent infection in the body. A bacterial or viral infection can cause tonsillitis. Strep throat is a common cause. The infection may also be seen in other parts of the throat.

Causes

Tonsillitis is most often caused by common viruses, but bacterial infections also can be the cause. The most common bacterium causing tonsillitis is streptococcus pyogenes (group a streptococcus), the bacterium that causes strep throat. Other strains of strep and other bacteria also may cause tonsillitis. Signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include swollen tonsils, sore throat, difficulty swallowing and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the neck.

Most cases of viral tonsillitis clear up in a few days with fluids and plenty of rest. Tonsillitis usually doesn’t cause any serious or lasting health problems.

Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat — one tonsil on each side.

Symptoms

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  • Aenean eu leo quam. Pellentesque ornare sem lacinia quam venenatis vestibulum.

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